Training and information to prevent accidents in mountain

March 27, 2015
Training and information. Those are the keys to prevention in the mountains as the Basque Dr. Kepa Lizarraga. His presentation was the first of the round table ‘Health and mountain’ that has moderated the doctor and president of the Aragonese Mountaineering Federation, Luis Masgrau.
In the table the figure of Dr. José Ramón Morandeira Aragonese, driver of mountain medicine in Aragon and frozen unit has been very present.
Lizarraga belongs to the Sports Medicine Center of the Provincial Council of Biscay and indicated some good practices from the Basque Mountaineering Federation are conducted. For example, talks to university credits (most accidents are among people 20-30 years in the Basque Country); but also retirees as easy and practical tips how to teach the ropes tighten the boots (which avoids many foot injuries by rubbing, also the majority among those who leave the mountain), how to properly carry the backpack, carry a whistle or be connected to phones or other transmitters, etc.
Trekking, mountaineering low intensity, is the most common practice among the people doing sports in contact with the mountain. The quiet practice without proper counseling, hiking brings 6% of deaths in mountain in the Basque Country.
For Dr. Lizarraga “all accidents happen sites for the same reasons, insufficient experience, overvaluation of physical qualities, … 85% of accidents are due to errors or negligence. Cases are preventable through training and information “.
From the Basque federation is aware mountaineering aficionados with the publication of articles or books on tips, conferences are held, personalized counseling is done federated, but also healthcare professionals, Red Cross, civil protection, etc. .

Traditional climber commercial athlete

The escalation has changed in recent decades. The traditional climber has given way “the athlete to scale with a commercial component.” “In the Valley Yosemite (California in the 70s of last century) are new materials and changes the philosophy of the climber. Cat feet were popularized and appear new materials, magnesium is used and becomes fashionable scalds in blocks. born athlete climber who challenges the boundaries of physiology and biology. We have come to Spiderman, a metamorphosis that sequelae “. This is the sentence that wields Dr. Gregorio Martínez, heir of Dr. Miguel Morandeira in Servert Hospital, who daily encounters pathologies such as synovitis, which cause serious and irreparable consequences to climbers that defy “the limits of physiology “.

Their recommendation to prevent these practices: warn the climber “maximize athletic performance puts the athlete in physiological limits and use common sense, but training can you strengthen the mechanisms of tissue adaptation to functional overload are limited.” Many climbers want to leave them as new but that is impossible. The climber must understand when it comes to the query that the injury can be complicated and that can lead to complications in his sporting life, “said the doctor.
Martinez has criticized the mercantilist use made of the sport that causes unlawful practices such as doping in cycling or sponsorship of major challenges in extreme sports accidents causing serious mountain: “We are reaching the limits in any sport, including climbing and mountaineering, money is involved. It is traumatic receive athletes that come with serious injuries, and in many cases are paid “.

A mountaineer hospital

The Aragonese doctor Ignacio Soteras part of the team that launched cross-border hospital of Cerdanya, a European hospital located in Catalonia on the border with France and serving the citizens living in the two states with shared expenses. Frontera who still believes legislative problems in pursuing deaths or ambulance transfers to either territory.
Soteras, a disciple of the late Dr. Morandeira, coined one of the phrases of the Aragonese doctor to define the health care provided in Cerdanya: “It’s a hospital for mountaineers and climbers,” referring to the high activity of mountaineering that hosts this valley .
In the region live 32,000 inhabitants, but the weekend is four times the population given the proximity to Perpignan and Barcelona. The valley lives on tourism, its 13 ski resorts, and other mountain activities including canyoning, mountain biking or climbing.
Furthermore, this hospital is a reference in mountain medicine, with an international reputation and teaches at the University of Girona one asigantura natural medicine, with 70 students this course.
The hospital, with 230 employees, serves 6,000 annual attentions related to nature, and is linked to sporting events of national character given the specialization of its medical staff. And it will teach this course a diploma of emergency medicine.
The medicalization of mountain rescue in France has been the talk given by Franc Mengelle, the Hospital of Toulouse, who has advocated continuing education among health professionals and professionals dedicated to the rescue of mountaineers. About mountaineers, he assured that the rest for the XXI century must be to raise awareness and help them realize measure the level of risk based on alerts or existing communications. “In the event that the alert is high you go down the risk “.
Also has also indicated that health centers should exist numerous groups to address accidents guarantees.

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